For those people who dip their toe into Linux systems for the first time, the endless options for distributions can be overwhelming, mainly when you are unsure for what to search. Just a few years ago when Linux was still in its early stages, this task would be much more comfortable as you could choose one of which you have heard about or have experienced. However, the increasing number of available distros and their vocal fans makes it challenging to settle on one.
So if you are new to this platform and don’t know where to start, here are top 5 best Linux distros for beginners to check out.
CentOS is a Linux distribution, which is derived from the sources of Red Hat Enterprise Linux and therefore has an obvious advantage for folks wanting to learn, improve, and practice their skills. Especially, since it is a free distribution and there are courses available to get you started on training sites like Udemy. the relationship between CentOS and Rehat make the skill and commands learn transferable since Redhat is a major Linux distribution us by businesses.
A list of Linux distros can’t be complete without the Ubuntu Linux. Indeed, most Linux distros come from Ubuntu simply because it is among the most user-friendly and stable ones available.
Just like other modern systems, Ubuntu Linux includes its app store named Ubuntu Software. You can find a collection of numerous apps to install. Though they might look entirely unfamiliar at the beginning, any mobile or computer user would learn how to use it quickly without a learning curve.
Ubuntu Linux comes with the installed software, which may include the web browser Firefox, office suite LibreOffice, webcam app Cheese, email client Thunderbird, and more.
Ubuntu Linux Pros
- Easy to learn and use
- Great support from the community
- Quick to install and set up
- Elegant and stylish design
- Modern and user-friendly interface
Ubuntu Linux Cons
- Ubuntu Linux has higher operating system requirements
If you are a macOS user, then the Elementary OS Linux distro will be familiar. The developers try to create a global design that can make every element on the desktop feel and look similar for macOS users.
The Elementary OS desktop apps are launchable from the Dock or Applications menu. Power, network, notifications, and sound options are in the top bar, also known as the Wingpanel.
The AppCenter allows you to install essential applications to get your tasks done. Overall, Elementary OS is a great Linux distro for beginners and is simple to use.
Elementary OS Pros
- Perfect hardware recognition
- Minimalist interface resembling macOS
- Simple to use
- Ubuntu Foundation
Elementary OS Cons
- A limited number of installed applications
If you are a fan of Windows, the Zorin OS would be a great Linux distro for you. It comes with a familiar desktop interface that is gorgeous and simple to navigate. You can also switch to other interfaces to meet your tastes. These include GNOME3, Window XP, and Window 7.
Zorin OS is the only distro in this list designed with Windows users in mind. It includes Wine, a compatibility layer which makes it possible to install Windows apps on Linux. The distribution also integrates PlayOnLinux, a graphical app store to set up many Windows applications.
ZORIN OS Pros
- Ideal for Windows users
- An excellent collection of installed applications
- Modern and elegant interface
- You can change the interface to suit your preferences
ZORIN OS Cons
- It takes time to learn
Linux Mint is another Linux distro based on Ubuntu. Linux Mint offers 3 choices of desktops: Xfce, Mate, and Cinnamon. Each option has its pros and cons, but the Cinnamon is probably the best one for beginners.
This distro integrates familiar components on the desktop such as system tray, start button, or clickable icons. That’s why Linux Mint is an excellent option for those who are new to Linux.
Also, the Linux Mint is very lightweight as it only runs on 9 GB space of hard disk and 512 MB RAM. The lightweight footprint means you could load it up on an older PC and test before setting up on newer hardware.
Linux Mint Pros
- Require low hardware
- Great collection of default applications
- Simple and user-friendly interface
- Ubuntu Foundation
Linux Mint Cons
- The interface is a bit old-fashioned
Ubuntu Budgie is a gorgeous and straightforward Linux distro for beginners. Ubuntu Budgie has many new features on its Budgie desktop, such as the main menu, a dock, and a panel which includes notifications and some extras. Also, there are many other pre-installed apps to meet your needs, including LibreOffice, web browser Chromium, movie player GNOME MPV, webcam booth, and email.
Also, Ubuntu Budgie comes with a night light choice for those who often do plenty of work during the night and need to reduce the brightness. Ubuntu Budgie simplicity and beauty makes an impression.
Ubuntu Budgie Pros
- Simple to learn
- Ubuntu Foundation
- The interface is gorgeous
- Many default applications
Ubuntu Budgie Cons
- Support could be unreliable
There are several things you should know about Linux distros:
- You can download all of these distributions for free as .iso image files.
- These distributions can be operated very well on most standard PC hardware, either laptops or desktops.
- You need to burn ISO images to either a USB flash drive or CD/DVD.
- It is possible to run all of these Linux distros as “live” instances, which means that you could boot your operating system from the flash drive or CD/DVD and run directly from the RAM of your PC without setting up anything.